Ibikorwaremezo

IBIKORWA REMEZO

 

Mu iterambere ry’ubukungu, Akarere ka Gisagara kitaye cyane ku bikorwa remezo. Imihanda yarahanzwe iranatunganywa byoroshya kugeza umusaruro ku isoko binagabanya igiciro cy’urugendo.  Amashanyarazi n’amazi meza byegerezwa abaturage, imirimo idashingiye ku buhinzi iriyongera n’imibereho myiza y’abaturage irazamuka.

 

2.1.Imihanda

Mu mwaka wa 2006 na mbere yawo, imihanda yari ikibazo gikomeye mu Karere ka Gisagara. Imihanda yahuzaga Gisagara n’utundi turere n’imihanda yahuza Imirenge yari mibi cyane, kuyigendamo bigoye ariko mu gihe cy’imvura bikagora kurushaho.

Kugira ngo iterambere ry’Akarere ka Gisagara rishoboke, hihutiwe gukora imihanda kugira ngo mu Karere hose hashobore kugendwa. Hifashishijwe uburyo bunyuranye burimo TIG, Umuganda rusange, VUP, Rwiyemezamirimo n’ubundi.

Ibyo byatanze umusaruro ushimishije ku buryo ubu 2015 imihanda ihuza Akarere n’utundi Turere n’ihuza Imirenge ari myiza cyane, iragendwa no mu gihe cy’imvura kandi gutunganya imihanda ni igikorwa gihoraho ni n’intego ikomeza mu Karere ka Gisagara.

 

 INSER: AMAFOTO Y’IMIHANDA

2.1.1.                              Ubwoko bw’imihanda n’uburebure bwayo

 

Imihanda yose yo mu Karere ka Gisagara, ni imihanda y’igitaka. Nubwo bimeze bityo, imihanda yose ihuza Akarere n’utundi Turere n’ihuza Imirenge yose ni nyabagendwa kandi imeze neza. Iyo mihanda irimo amoko atatu:

Ø  Umuhanda wo ku rwego rw’Igihugu “National road”: Ni umuhanda wa km 68 uhuza u Rwanda n’u Burundi uvuye Akanyaru bas (Umurenge wa Nyanza)-Umurenge wa Gikonko.

Ø  Imihanda y’Akarere yo ku rwego rwa mbere “District roads class I”: Ni imihanda ya km 121.7 ihuza Akarere ka Gisagara n’Uturere duturanye; Huye, Nyanza na Nyaruguru

Ø  Imihanda y’Akarere yo ku rwego rwa kabiri “District roads class II”: Ni imihanda ya km 232 ihuza Imirenge y’Akarere ka Gisagara.

   Imihanda yatunganyijwe kuva 2006 -2015

Imbonerahamwe ya 13: Imihanda yahanzwe/yatunganyijwe n’uburebure bwayo

No

Imihanda

Uburebure (km)

Umwaka

Uburyo bwakoreshejwe

1

Muganza-Remera

3

2008

TIG

2

Cyamukuza-Rwasave-Huye

13

2007 na 2013/14

Rwiyemezamirimo

3

Gikonko-Save

14

2010 na 2015

TIG/ Rwiyemezamirimo

4

Mukindo-Mugombwa-Kansi-Kibirizi-Huye

33

2010 na 2015

Rwiyemezamirimo

5

Kibirizi-Kansi

6

2008

TIG

6

Kansi-Kigembe-Nyaruteja- Akanyaru bas

25

2008

TIG

7

Save-Musha-Mamba-Akanyaru

43

2010 na 2015

TIG/Rwiyemezamirimo

8

Gishubi-Nyagahuru

28

2009

VUP

9

Kirarambogo-Nyabitare

14

2009

VUP

10

Gishubi-Gabiro

2

2009

VUP

11

Gishubi-Nyeranzi

2.5

2009

VUP

12

Gikore-Kansi

12

2010

TIG

13

Kigembe-Agatovu

5

2012

VUP

14

Nyanza-Rubona -Gikore

5.7

2010

TIG

15

Ruhuha-Gatongo

5

2010

TIG

16

Ndora-Muganza-Mugombwa

14

2007 na 2014

TIG

17

Ndora-Gishubi

8

2009

TIG/VUP

18

Kibirizi-Mugombwa

17

2014/2015

Rwiyemezamirimo

19

Cyamukuza-Giseke-Save

?

2009

TIG

20

Ndora-Musha-Gikonko

23

2011/12

TIG

21

Nyaruteja-Migina

3.5

2008

TIG

22

Nyaruteja-Nyaruguru

4

2009

TIG

23

Rwanza-Cyezuburo-Huye

2

2014

Rwiyemezamirimo


 

2.1.3.      Amateme

Gukora imihanda bijyana no gukora amateme, ariko hari n’ubwo amateme akorwa atari uko imihanda yakozwe ahubwo hari ayasenyutse cyangwa ay’ibiti asimbuzwa ay’ibikoresho biramba. Amateme y’ingenzi yakozwe ni agaragara mu mbonerahamwe ikurikira:

 

 

 

 

Imbonerahamwe ya 14: Amateme yubatswe mu Karere ka Gisagara

No

Izina

Umurenge

Umwaka

1

Giseke

Ndora-Save

2008

2

Nyange

Kansi

2007

3

Senyange

Nyanza

2007

4

Musa

Nyanza

2007

5

Rwabisemanyi

Kigembe-Nyaruguru

2008

6

Mukuge

Nyaruteja-Nyaruguru

2007

7

Urukingu

Nyanza

2007

8

Duwani 1

Kibirizi

2009

9

Duwani 2

Kibirizi

2010

10

Nyiramageni

Gikonko-Mamba

2010 na 2015

11

Ngiryi

Ndora-Musha

2008

12

Nyeranzi-Gabiro

Gishubi

2009

13

Gasenyi

Gishubi-Ndora

2009

14

Gatongo I

Kigembe

2009

15

Gatongo II

Kigembe

2009

16

Nkomane I

Kigembe

2009

17

Nkomane II

Kigembe

2009

18

Migina

Kigembe

2008

19

Cyezuburo

Save-Huye

2014

19

Amateme 16 (Umuhanda Mugombwa-Mukindo)

Mugombwa-Mukindo

2006/7 na 2010



2.2.Imiyoboro y’amazi meza

Nk’Akarere gaherereye mu gice cy’amayaga, amazi meza yahoze ari ingume mu Karere ka Gisagara.  Abaturage bavomaga mu mibande , ku makano, mu nzuzi n’imigezi. Mu rwego rwo kwita ku mibereho myiza y’abaturage b’Akarere ka Gisagara, amazi meza yegerejwe abaturage. Hubatswe imiyoboro y’amazi mishya hanasanwa iyari ishaje bituma ijanisha ry’abaturage begereye amazi meza ryiyongera buri mwaka. Abaturage begerejwe amazi meza bageze kuri 76.4% mu mwaka wa 2015 aho bari kuri 65% mu mwaka wa 2010 nk’uko bigaragara mu mbonerahamwe ikurikira.

 

 

 

Imbonerahamwe ya 15: Ijanisha ry’abaturage begerejwe amazi

Umwaka

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011/2012

2012/2013

2013/2014

2014/2015

Abaturage begerejwe amazi meza (%)



 

 

65

68

73

75.6

76.4


  Imbonerahamwe ya 16: Imiyoboro y’amazi yubatswe cyangwa yasanwe

Mu Karere ka Gisagara hari imiyoboro y’amazi 24 ifite uburebure bwa km 349.55; yubatswe inavugururwa mu bihe bitandukanye nkuko bigaragara mu mbonerahamwe ikurikira.

No

Amazina

Uburebure (km)

Igihe wubakiwe

Igihe wasaniwe

Imirenge ugaburira

1

Nyakagezi

22.793

2000

2011

Gikonko, Musha

2

Mayaga Sud

75

1981

2007

Gikonko, Musha, Mamba, Save

3

Cyumba-Rwagica

24.420

1975

2011

Muganza, Gishubi

4

Nyagahuru-Rwakayeye

16.726

1987

2011

Muganza, Gishubi

5

Rwimpyisi

18.777

2013

-

Kigembe, Kansi

6

Kansi

13.17

2011

-

Kansi

7

Rwabahinda-Nyange

13

2005

-

Kansi, Kibirizi

8

Gikore

4.744

2011

-

Kansi

9

Kibilizi-Kansi

17

2001

2007

Kibirizi, Kansi

10

Agaseke

30.9

2008

-

Kibirizi, Ndora

11

Akabilira

20

2006

2015

Ndora

12

Murambi-Save

20

2006

-

Save, Kibirizi

13

AEP des Frères Mariste*

2

1959

1996

Save

14

Nyabuhoro

38

2008

-

Save, Musha

15

Agatare

10.882

2011

-

Musha

16

Urwongorwe

8.648

1987

2011

Mugombwa

17

Karuhenga*

1.5

1988

2003

Mugombwa

18

AEP Mugombwa

4

2013/15

-

Mugombwa

19

Kabasaga

5.325

1983

2011

Mukindo

20

Musasa

1.548

1982

2011

Mukindo

21

Nyampinja

3.222

1986

2011

Mukindo

22

Buhoro

1.900

2010

-

Mukindo

23

Kabilira-Gishubi


2013

-

Ndora,Gishubi

24

AEP Rukoko-Gisunzu

10.600

2015

-

Nyanza


Imiyoboro myinshi yubatswe/yasanwe nyuma ya 2006. Yaba iyubatswe/iyasanwe kera n’ iyubatswe/iyasanwe vuba, yose yatumye umubare w’abaturage begerejwe amazi meza wiyongera. Mu miyoboro yubatswe ikanasanwa kera twavugamo nk’umuyoboro wa AEP des Frères Mariste w’I Save wubatswe mu mwaka 1959 ugasanwa mu mwaka wa 1996 n’umuyoboro wa Karuhenga i Mugombwa wubatswe mu mwaka 1988 ugasanwa mu mwaka wa 2003.

       

 


 

 

 

.Amashanyarazi

Mu mwaka wa 2006, umuriro w’amashanyarazi wari mu Mirenge 2 gusa (Gikonko na Save), nabwo ugarukira ku bigo bya Leta n’iby’amadini na centre ya Gikonko gusa. Kugeza mu mwaka 2015, Imirenge 12 kuri 13 yagejejwemo umuriro w’amashanyarazi.

Mu rwego rwo kwegereza amashanyarazi abaturage, hihutiwe igikorwa cyo kubaka imiyoboro migari y’amashanyarazi igera mu Mirenge, gahunda yo kuwukwirakwiza mu baturage igenda ikorwa buhoro buhoro. Imiyoboro yubatswe yongereye umubare w’ingo zifite umuriro w’amashanyarazi, uva kuri 2% muri 2012 (Ibarura rusange rya 2012) ugera kuri 11.85% (ingo 9156) mu mwaka wa 2015 (Raporo y’Imihigo 2014/2015).

Mu Karere ka Gisagara hari imiyoboro y’amashanyarazi ikurikira:

No

Umuyoboro

Uburebure (km)

Igihe wubakiwe

Icyongerwaho

1

Mugogwe-Gikonko

12

1984

Wakwirakwijwe mu midugudu nyuma ya 2006

2

Save-Kibilizi

15

2007


3

Duwani-Ndora

10

2010


4

Gikonko-Musha-Mamba

15

2012


5

Ndora-Gishubi

6

2013


6

Kibilizi-Kansi-Kigembe-Nyanza

32

2014


7

Ndora-Muganza-Mugombwa

12

2015



Kuri iyo miyoboro migari hiyongereyeho ikwirakwiza (extensions) mu Mirenge ya Gikonko, Ndora, Kibilizi, Musha, Save, Kansi, Kigembe, Nyanza, Mamba, Mugombwa na Muganza. Ibi byongereye imirimo idashingiye ku buhinzi, amasaha y’akazi ariyongera, inganda nto eshatu zitunganya umusaruro w’ibigori zirubakwa, umutekano urabungwabungwa n’ibindi.

Akarere karateganya kubaka umuyoboro w’amashanyarazi wa Mamba-Gishubi-Muganza-Mugombwa-Mukindo muri 2015/16. Gahunda yo gukomeza  gukwirakwiza amashanyarazi ku mu midugudu irakomeje.

Mu rwego rwo kunoza imiturire, kwita ku mutekano no kongera amasaha yo gukora, mu mijyi ya Ndora na Save hubatswe amatara yo ku muhanda (public lighting) amurika nijoro.

 

Umuyoboro mugari w’amashanyarazi Kibirizi-Nyanza n’amatara yo ku muhanda i Save